On the eastern wall of the entrance to an Egyptian shrine, the pharaoh Thothmes III is shown holding an olivewood branch ready to strike with his right hand. In his left hand, he holds a ball, which he appears ready to throw. In this inscription are also two priests catching balls, as well as the ancient goddess, Hathor. The inscription explains that the ceremony is in honor of Hathor, and that "the enemies are struck before them." This game was probably played in an open space before the statue of Hathor and that the ball symbolized the eye of the Apopi, the great sepert of Chaos. This bat and ball game combines both sport and religion.

1500 BC