The Mitchell Report

Thomas confirmed that he had suspicions that Dykstra might have been using performance enhancing substances when he arrived at spring training in 1993 noticeably bigger. Thomas told Dykstra he hoped he had not done anything to jeopardize his health, and in response Dykstra denied using steroids.

Philadelphia's then-head athletic trainer Jeff Cooper told us that during this period he observed a Phillies player whose use of steroids was "obvious." Cooper would not divulge the player's identity to us. He told us that he approached the general manager (apparently Thomas) to report his concerns, and the general manager advised Cooper that he should raise the subject with the player directly. Cooper then did raise the issue with the player, who said it was none of Cooper's business. The matter went no further.

C. The 1991 Major League Baseball Alcohol and Drug Use Survey

In 1990, Major League Baseball commissioned a survey of alcohol and drug use among player and non-player personnel. The project was a joint effort of the Players Association and the owners' Player Relations Committee. Most of the responses were gathered during spring training in 1991.201

Approximately 80% of major league players participated in the survey. Of the 880 players who responded (including some minor league players), only 1.5% reported using anabolic steroids during their lifetime, and only 0.5% reported use of steroids in the preceding

Bodies from Waiver Wire, National League Notebook, S.F. Chron., Apr. 7, 1990, at D3 ("Center fielder Len Dykstra, who was supposed to be trade bait last winter, came back 26 pounds heavier and proceeded to go 4-for-4 with a double Sunday in his first official game of the season. Reason: ‘I did a lot of lifting and free weights. And I took some very good vitamins.' Uh-oh."); Stan Hochman, Thomas: Blame Union, Not Phils, Phila. Daily News, Mar. 16, 1991, at 45 ("Guys saying that if Lenny Dykstra hits .325 we're not worried about what happens off the field. We are very concerned. But our hands are tied. We're handcuffed by the union."); Ross Newhan, In Your Face if Not Your Hair, L.A. Times, Mar. 20, 1994, at Sports 3.

201 George De Leon, Ph.D., and Stanley Sack, Ph.D., Major League Baseball Alcohol and Drug Use Survey, 1991, Final Report (Draft 3/93).