Video replay review in Major League Baseball (hereafter, "Replay Review") is designed to provide timely review of certain disputed calls in all Championship Season, AllStar and PostSeason games played in the 30 Major League ballparks (and, beginning in 2015, in any ballpark at which a Major League Championship Season game is played). A "call" as described in these Regulations means a judgment by one or more umpires or by the entire crew after conferring with one another (hereafter, the "Umpires") on a specific play, which may consist of an oral pronouncement or physical gesture (or may not, in the case of a "noncall"). Replay Review may be used to reverse or confirm the Umpires' call on the field subject to and in accordance with the terms and conditions described below. Subject to its obligations under its respective Basic Agreements and other agreements with the Major League Baseball Players Association and the World Umpires Association, the Office of the Commissioner reserves the right to rule on any point with respect to Replay Review that is not covered by these Regulations.
Challenging and Reviewing Calls Pursuant to Replay Review
To change a reviewable call, the Replay Official must determine that there is clear and convincing evidence to change the original call that was made on the field of play. In other words, the original decision of the Umpire shall stand unchanged unless the evidence obtained by the Replay Official leads him to definitively conclude that the call on the field was incorrect.
Consistent with Official Baseball Rule 9.02(c), if Replay Review results in a change to a call that had been made on the field, the Replay Official, to the extent feasible, shall exercise his discretion to place both Clubs in the same position they would have been in had the call on the field been correct. This shall include placing runners where he thinks those runners would have been at the conclusion of the reviewed play if the reviewed call had been correctly made in the first instance, disregarding interference or obstruction that may have occurred on the play, failures of runners to tag up based upon the initial call on the field, runners passing other runners, missing bases, etc.
The only calls eligible for Replay Review are set forth in this Section V. Calls not identified below may not be reviewed at any time, but nothing contained herein shall limit the Umpires in their ability to convene the crew on the field to further discuss any play consistent with Official Baseball Rule 9.02. (Attached to these Regulations is a non-exhaustive list of calls that are not subject to video replay review).
If a Manager challenges a call that is not eligible for review, the Crew Chief will inform him that the call is not reviewable, and the Club shall not be charged with a challenge. To the extent the Crew Chief is unsure of whether a call challenged by a Manager is eligible for review, he may consult with the Replay Official prior to making the determination. If either the Club or Crew Chief invokes Replay Review of a call that the Replay Official determines is not subject to Replay Review, he will inform the Crew Chief that the play is not reviewable and the Club will not be charged with a challenge. To the extent that the Official Baseball Rules require the defensive Club to appeal a play eligible for replay review (e.g., a runner missing a base), Replay Review may not be initiated until the Umpires rule on the appeal.
Notwithstanding the foregoing, the following calls will not be subject to review:
Notwithstanding anything to the contrary in this Section F or elsewhere in these Regulations, in accordance with Official Baseball Rule 9.02(c), when reviewing a play at home plate, if the Replay Official determines both that the runner did not touch home plate and that the fielder did not tag the runner (or, in the case of a force play, did not touch home plate), the Replay Official shall rule the runner "safe" at home plate unless the defensive Manager appeals the failure of the runner to touch home plate prior to the Crew Chief making contact with the Replay Official.
Example. A runner attempts to score on a play at the plate. The catcher misses the tag on the runner, and the runner fails to touch home plate, but the umpire calls a tag and the runner "out." The offensive manager challenges the call, and the Replay Official determines that the catcher missed the tag. The Replay Official shall disregard the failure of the runner to touch home plate, declare the runner "safe" and score the run.
Example 1. A pitch strikes the batter, but the Umpire erroneously rules that the pitch struck the bat instead and rules "foul ball." The Manager on offense appropriately invokes replay and the Replay Official reverses the call. The Crew Chief shall declare the ball dead at the moment it struck the batter and rule accordingly.
Example 2. A pitch strikes the bat, but the Umpire erroneously rules "hit batter dead ball." The Manager on defense appropriately invokes replay and the Replay Official reverses the call. If the ball lands foul, the Replay Official shall call the ball "foul." If the ball lands fair, the Replay Official may take into consideration whether the defensive team attempts to retire the batter-runner, whether the batter-runner attempts to take a base, the batter-runner's attempt to deceive the defensive team and the Umpires on the field, and other relevant factors, in placing the batter-runner, calling him out (consistent with Section IV.A.4 above), or calling the ball "foul" (if a "foul ball" ruling would result in a third strike, the pitch would be replayed).
Example 1. A runner collides with a catcher and touches home plate on a close play at home plate, but the home plate Umpire calls the runner out for having violated Official Baseball Rule 7.13. The Crew Chief exercises his discretion to initiate a Replay Review. If the Replay Official overturns the call that Rule 7.13 was violated, then he also shall determine whether the runner was tagged or forced out before touching home plate.
Example 2. A runner collides with a catcher and is called safe at home plate. The Manager on defense requests that the Crew Chief initiate Replay Review in order to determine whether the runner should have been ruled out for violating Official Baseball Rule 7.13, and the Crew Chief declines to do so. The Manager on defense shall be permitted to exercise an available challenge regarding the call as to whether the runner was tagged or forced out before touching home plate.